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A Community for Fanatics of Land Rovers

Land Rover Series 1 was the first Land Rover model produced from 1948 to 1958. Early models were indeed permanent 4WD, of a sort. Drive to the front axle was via a freewheel, such that drive was taken up at the fron when a rear wheel slipped, a bit like the freelander except the other way round. The ring pull was to lock the freewheel up for off road work, as in reverse or on overrun, the front axle was effectively not connected. Eventually the freewheel was deleted in favour of the familiar part time set up of later models, but the ring pull was kept to engage the front axle for a year or so, the yellow knob following that. - comments Mark Rumsey

1948 - Series I 80inch 1595cc is launched initially as a pick-up and then as a station wagon
1950 - Full time four wheel drive is discontinued an all vehicles now have selectable four wheel drive
1952 - Engine size is increased to 1997cc
1954 - Wheelbase is increased to 86inch and a LWB 107inch is introduced
80 inch 86 & 107 inch 88 & 109 inch
Date of manufacture 1948 - 1951
1952 - 1953
1953-1956
1956-1958 107 SW
1956 - 1958
Dimensions
(track, width, length, mass)
(80 inch)
(1.27m; 1.52m; 3.35m, 1184kg)
SWB (86 inch)
(1.27m; 1.59m; 3.58m, 1353kg)

LWB (107 inch)
(1.27m; 1.59m; 4.41m, 1476kg)
SWB (88 inch)
(??m; 1.59m; 3.62m,??)

LWB (109 inch)
(??m; 1.59m; 4.44m,??)
Angles
(approach, departure, clearance)
(??deg; ??deg; 203-222mm SWB (86 inch)
(??deg; ??deg; 203-222mm)

LWB (107 inch)
(??deg; ??deg; 203-222mm)
SWB (88 inch)
(??deg; ??deg; 222mm)

LWB (109 inch)
(??deg; ??deg; 222mm)
Engines
(Type, cc, stroke, compression ratio, power/torque & period)
1.6l 4cyl petrol
(IOE - 1595cc - 69.5x105mm - 7:1 - 37Kw@4000rpm, 108Nm@2000rpm - 1948-1951)

2.0l 4cyl petrol
(IOE - 1997cc - 77.8x105mm - 7:1 - 39Kw@4000rpm, 137Nm@1500rpm - 1952-1955)
2.0l 4cyl petrol
(IOE - 1997cc - 77.8x105mm - 7:1 - 39Kw@4000rpm, 137Nm@1500rpm - 1952-1955)
2.0l 4cyl petrol
(IOE - 1997cc - 77.8x105mm - 7:1 - 39Kw@4000rpm, 137Nm@1500rpm - 1952-1955)

2.0l 4cyl diesel
(OHV - 2052cc - 85.72x88.9mm - 23:1 - 39Kw@3500rpm, 118Nm@2000rpm - 1957-1961)
Fuel system
(carburettor/injector & pump)
2.0 petrol
(solexl)

2.0l petrol
(solex)

2.0l diesel
(CAV DPA distributor type - mechanical high pressure)

2.0l petrol
(solex)

2.0l diesel
(CAV DPA distributor type - mechanical high pressure)

Gearboxes
(name, type & year)
Single helical constant mesh, 3rd & 4th syncromesh

1948-1950
Full time 4-wheel drive, with centre diff locked via chain pull

1951 on
Selectable 4-wheel drive via yellow and red knobs
Single helical constant mesh, 3rd & 4th syncromesh

Selectable 4-wheel drive via yellow and red knobs
Gearbox ratios (all given to 1)
(4th, 3rd, 2nd, 1st, reverse)
?? (direct, 1.38, 2.04, 3.0, 2.55)
?? (1.148, 2.888)
Clutch
(size & type)
(9", Torsion rod)
Axles
(differential, Type & ratios)
Front(Rover)
(fully floating, spiral bevel) Ratio early 4.88:1(9 pinion teeth), late 4.7:1(10 pinion teeth)

Rear (Rover)
spiral bevel, semi floating for all , fully floating for 109" from chassis no 121704770 up and 107" from 131701306 up (Ratio Axle 860001 - 861319, 4.88:1) Ratio Axle 861320 onwards 4.7:1)
Suspension Semi eliptic understrung
Steering
(Type & ratio)
Worm and nut Recirculating ball worm and nut, 15.6:1 straight ahead, 23.8:1 full lock)
Brakes
(Type, drum, shoe)
80"
(hydraulic, 10", 11/2")
86"
(hydraulic, 10", 11/2")

107"
(hydraulic, 11", 21/4")
88"
(hydraulic, 10", 11/2")

109"
(hydraulic, 11", 21/4")
Max speed & consumption) 1.6 petrol
90 km/h, 12-16 l/100km

2.0 petrol
100 km/h, 11-15 l/100km

2.0 diesel
90 km/h, 11-14 l/100km
2.0 petrol
100 km/h, 11-15 l/100km

2.0 diesel
90 km/h, 11-14 l/100km
Body style and ID characteristics

(All have straight body sides with no sills below the doors)
Short panel between rear wheel arch and door, one piece wings with no top seam, angled door shutline
1948 - 1951 Grill covers headlights
1952 - 1953 Side lights in the wings
Straight vertical door shutline
86" Longer panel in front of rear wheel arch with 3 rivets visible
107" Load body is sepparate from cab
1 large airflow hole in front panel
Front wing securing bolt is further back from wheel arch
Front door buffer stiffener plate spot-welded on
More Series 2 Resources
Land Rover Buyers Guide
Land Rover Series - Wikipedia
Land Rover Series FAQ
Land Rover Series 1 versions and types
Series Land Rover Sales Brochures

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